What is hydrotherapy?

Below you will find how www.Hydrotherapytraining.com defines Hydrotherapy, Aquatic Physiotherapy and conditions that can benefit from both.


What is Hydrotherapy?

Simply speaking hydrotherapy is using the water for therapy. The term has been used since Greek and Roman times and man has always known the inherent value of water. However the term hydrotherapy has had so many meanings over the centuries that it can be a little confusing to people. Some of the activities that occur in a hydrotherapy pool include:

  • Aquatic Physiotherapy
  • Water Exercise
  • Aqua Aerobics
  • Swimming for Special Populations

Aquatic Physiotherapy

Aquatic physiotherapy is physiotherapy carried out in warm water where the properties of water are utilized with the knowledge and skills of the physiotherapists to improve the outcome of the rehabilitation process. The physiotherapist already has expertise in human movement and pathologies so uses the warm water to assist and resist body movements, relax muscles, and help decrease pain. Aquatic physiotherapy can be used alone, or in conjunction with other physiotherapy techniques, to improve muscle power, range of joint movement, balance, co-ordination, fitness and confidence in movement.

Water Exercise

People with appropriate exercise qualifications may design individual exercise programs or conduct classes in the water. Classes vary depending on the group of patients, their age, swimming ability and medical condition. Many water exercise classes are simply general exercise classes conducted in a swimming pool. People with a particular medical condition should ensure that the instructor has the appropriate qualifications to understand these conditions and advise you on the best activities to do in the water. Physiotherapists are the most appropriate professionals to consult when pain is involved.

Why is water therapy beneficial?

  • Decreases muscle spasm
  • Assists with pain reduction
  • Provides greater joint flexibility
  • Allows variable weight bearing
  • Specific strength training is possible
  • Allows balance training without fear
  • Reduces swelling
  • Allows people of all ages and disabilities to move more easily and get fitter
  • A pleasant form of rehabilitation

Conditions Benefiting from Aquatic Physiotherapy

Physiotherapists with appropriate qualifications use aquatic physiotherapy techniques to treat many types of patients. An aquatic physiotherapist uses hands-on techniques to treat their patients individually in the hydrotherapy pool. They use manual therapy techniques to treat joint and soft tissue problems, prescribe exercises, correct posture and educate regarding the patient’s rehabilitation.

Conditions treated include:

  • Back problems
  • Orthopaedic conditions
  • Sports injuries
  • Strokes
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Osteoporosis
  • Balance disorders
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis